Do you often see the types of batik with different patterns and colors? One type of traditional Indonesian fabric is indeed very entrenched. Not only in Central or East Java, but also West Java and other islands. What is West Java batik motif like? Come on, know 15 types of West Java batik that is rich in bright colors below!
West Java batik recommendations in bright colors
Batik, which is one of Indonesia’s original cultural heritages, does have a variety of variants. One of them is batik can be distinguished from its origin such as West Java batik, which is known for its bright motives. There are several typical West Javanese batik motifs that you can collect, find out more here.
1. Batik in West Java megamendung, symbolizes fertility and life-giving
Often see West Java batik whose motifs are like clouds with bright colors, like blue, pink or green? The motif was named megamendung, typical of Cirebon. This batik center is located in the Trusmi region, Plered, Cirebon Regency.
Bright colors are influenced by the location of Cirebon which is close to the beach, making it included in the category of coastal batik. Even so, Cirebon batik is also included in the batik palace. This is because there are three palace that also has its own motives from each palace.
Megamendung became the most made batik motif because it characterizes Cirebon. This batik motif depicts clouds that carry rain as a symbol of fertility and life-giving. Judging from the historical point of view, the megamendung motif is closely related to the history of the Chinese coming to Cirebon. The color mixing is very detailed with more than twice the workmanship to get the maximum color.
Also read: This How to Look Present with Batik without Looking Older
2. Garut batik typical Garut, diagonal lines or rhombus
The next type of West Java batik comes from the Garut area called garutan batik. This cloth is usually used for sinjang, or cloth used for carrying a baby.
The motifs of West Java batik that are presented from Garutan batik are very diverse with characteristic geometric shapes and flora and fauna. Geometric shapes generally lead to diagonal lines and kawung or rhombic shapes. The color is dominated by beige color combined with bright colors that are characteristic of kerutan batik. Currently Garutan batik processing is concentrated in the city of Garut.
3. Batik Ciamis, depicts the kingdom of Galuh
For West Javanese batik from Ciamis, three popular motifs, ciung wanara, shark stone and galuh pakuan are a description of the Galuh kingdom that succeeded in West Java in its time.
The Ciung Wungara motif is taken from the history of power struggle in Ciamis by a figure of the same name. While the motive galuh pakuan, taken from the handle of the Galuh King’s keris. While the shark stone motif was taken from tourism in Pangandaran.
There are also spontaneous machete motifs whose colors are softer, only brown and white. This is because the motive is quite historic and influenced by people who moved from Yogya and Solo.
Also read: 5 Modern Batik Models for Modern Ethnic Style
4. Batik Cianjur, agrarian nuanced motifs such as rice
The history of Cianjur batik has existed since 1920. At that time, there were batik artisans in the Bojongherang Village and the famous Poleng cloth in the Sindanglaka area, Karangtengah.
When observed more observant, this one Javanese batik is very typical by describing agricultural products. This is because the people’s lives there are agrarian. The colors and motifs are very plant nuance, such as the use of green with rice grains.
Broadly speaking, Cianjur batik can be classified into four types, namely rice or beasan motifs, flute or mamaos lute motifs, pencak silat or maenpo and pelam hayam.
5. Batik Tasik with characteristic bright colors
A glance when you see batik from Tasikmalaya like Madura batik with a variety of decorations and contrasting colors. But in terms of motives, it will be very visible characteristics of the south of West Java. Tasikmalaya batik motifs are very thick with the nuances of Parahyangan, such as orchids and birds. In addition there are also motifs of gibbons, cala-culu, banana-bali, sapujagat, and awi ngarambat.
Batik Tasik has bright colors due to the influence of coastal batik. In terms of color, almost the same as Garut batik, the difference, batik from Tasikmalaya is brighter and brighter. There are three well-known motifs, namely Sukapura batik which resembles Madura batik with a contrasting variety in motif size and color.
Second, sawoan batik, which resembles Solo batik and is dominated by brown color like sapodilla, plus indigo and white ornaments. Third, Tasik batik which has bright color characteristics due to the influence of coastal batik. Tasikmalaya batik motifs are very thick with parahyangan nuances, such as orchids.
6. Sumedang Batik is inspired by the kingdom
Indeed, West Java is one of the provinces that has the most popular types of batik. But there are several types of batik that are still less popular than other batik motifs. Like this one Sumedang batik.
This West Java batik motif was inspired by the kingdoms in Sumedang. The batik motifs are also presented with interesting variations, such as the phallus motif, boled flower motif, hanjuang, tofu tunnel, crown (siger) binokasih, and srimangganti door.
7. Batik Indramayu flower at home
When viewed closely, Indramayu batik has its own characteristics, namely motifs that are inspired by flora and fauna. This Javanese batik has one of the most popular motifs, the flower-shaped batik motif.
This West Java batik also has a bright color combination, like green. Flower growth is a type of plant that spreads and has the meaning that the importance of a harmonious relationship between humans and nature in order to be maintained forever.
8. Priyangan Batik from Tasikmalaya
West Java batik is usually always associated with Tasikmalaya. This area indeed attracts the most local and foreign tourists because of its batik crafts. There is a type of batik that is also in the spotlight, namely Priyangan batik from Tasikmalaya.
This West Java batik motif also has a motif inspired from plants. Uniquely, motifs are made more symmetrical and produce neater patterns. This Javanese batik has a characteristic bright color but calm and not striking. Very elegant, right?
9. Ginger batik motif serempang cage from Indramayu
Lots of West Java batik that takes inspiration from the forms of flora and fauna, but the Indramayu region takes inspiration from the more unique ginger plants. Ginger is considered to have a grouped lifestyle and ginger is also widely used to be a basic ingredient in making drinks that warm the body.
For this reason, people used to consider West Java batik to have a meaning or message that if a family had to gather together and establish a warm togetherness among themselves, such as the Ginger plant. This West Javanese batik motif is presented with a white background but is given a touch of blue, purple, to green on the motif.
10. Batik Bogor can also be an option
Almost every city in Indonesia now produces batik to create new batik motifs. If you don’t know yet, Bogor is also one of the cities that has its own batik motifs and should not be missed, you know.
Bogor City now has the types of batik that are the main stars. Among others are palace batik motifs, botanical garden batik motifs and Kujang batik motifs. The color is quite diverse and presented in bright colors that seem given a modern touch.
11. Touch of pineapple on Sumanang batik
See any pineapple in the batik motif? Yup, if you see pineapple in one of West Java batik motifs, we can be sure that West Java batik is Sumedang batik. The types of Sumedang batik usually do display various characteristics of the city.
Like the Ganan batik inspired by pineapple which is typical of the Sumedang region. In addition there are also other types of batik, such as sisingaan motifs, tea leaves, butterflies and many more that display a variety of beauty flora and fauna that characterizes Sumedang.
12. Batik Majalengka is no less iconic
Well, this West Javanese batik is also quite iconic and famous, here. Created by taking inspiration from culture, up to Majalengka folklore, this West Java batik has quite deep meaning.
This profound meaning is also due to the batik motifs presented are taken from the city’s ancestral history. There are three images that dominate the most, namely cleaver, crown and maja fruit, each of which has its own meaning.
The kujang symbol is the symbol of the Padjadjaran kingdom. The crown itself is the Simbarkencana crown worn by the queen of Singdangkasih kingdom. While maja fruit, is a fruit that is characteristic of the Singdangkasih kingdom.
13. Batik Kahuripan typical Purwakarta
There is one batik motif from Purwakarta that has become an official batik dress for employees in this area, namely Kahuripan batik. The batik motif has a basic black color, but the motifs have contrasting colors like pink, red and yellow gold that makes it look luxurious and lively.
This West Javanese batik has three meanings in its motives namely faith, Islam and ikhsan. So there are two pillars in the Javanese batik motif that are considered to symbolize the two shahada sentences.
14. Batik Ganasan typical of Subang
Some batik motifs from Subang also characterize the characteristics of the Subang region such as one of the Ganasan batik motifs. From the batik motif, it can be seen clearly the depiction of pineapple or bright pineapple skin complexion.
This batik motif is suitable if used as a dress or subordinate in the form of a knot skirt for invitation. In addition to the Ganasan batik motif, Subang city also has other batik motifs such as sisingaan, tea leaf, and kukupu motifs.
15. Batik Mango Gedong Gincu typical Majalengka
Majalengka Batik has settled five typical motifs of its region, one of which is iconic is the Gedong Gincu Mango batik motif. The Gedong Gincu fruit motif is a symbol of great hope from the Majalengka government so that it will still be given the gift of fertile nature.
This batik motif is depicted with the lipstick fruit motif with a three-circle circle. While the picture in the form of wings, ukel, roots and box lines symbolizes the goal of the community and the Majalengka government to continue continuously and tirelessly towards shared noble ideals.
So, which one are you going to wear West Java batik motif today?